Tag Archives: cross-border

German Court rejects the “bow wave theory” (“Bugwellentheorie”) in test for company illiquidity

Under German law, there are strict legal obligations for the managing directors of an insolvent company to file for insolvency. Failure to comply exposes a managing director to civil and criminal liability. It is therefore important for managing directors to know how to test whether their company is insolvent. One of the legal reasons for insolvency … Continue Reading

Parent guarantees in the insolvency of a German subsidiary – claw back risks

A recent ruling of the German Federal Civil Court (Bundesgerichtshof (“BGH”)) is a reminder of the risks which shareholders of a German company can face in an insolvency of their German subsidiary. Under the German Insolvency Code (“InsO”), claims for repayment of a loan granted by a shareholder who holds more than 10% of the … Continue Reading

Stricter and personal liability for executives under Slovak insolvency law

As of 1 January 2018, those who are obliged to file a petition for declaration of bankruptcy of a company will face stricter liability in Slovakia. This could result in them being required to pay a fine/damages and can even result in their disqualification from sitting on boards of Slovak companies. In addition to an obligation to pay a … Continue Reading

EU Proposals for Harmonisation of Insolvency Practitioners and Judges

Much has already been written about the proposal for the “Second Chance” directive (“Proposal“) published in November 2016 which is still being debated by the EU bodies – and rightly so. Harmonisation of insolvency law across the EU is needed as one in four insolvency proceedings is a cross-border insolvency and creditors need to know what to … Continue Reading

English Scheme of Arrangement approved for Luxembourg-registered company

The English High Court has sanctioned a scheme of arrangement for Algeco Scotsman PIK SA, a Luxembourg-incorporated company, after the creditors consented to the New York governing law and jurisdiction clause being altered in favour of the jurisdiction of the English courts. The issues discussed were: the fair representation of a class of creditors; cross-jurisdictional schemes; and early tender fees offered … Continue Reading

Bankruptcy Proceedings in Russia: An Analysis of Insolvency Statistics

Sergey Treschev and Elena Malevich of Squire Patton Boggs’ Moscow office have joined with legal journalists Alina Mikhailova and Maria Fomicheva of Pravo.ru to write an article recently published in Insolvency and Restructuring International. They analyze Russian insolvency statistics from 2014 to 2017, drawing out some interesting trends. The process of publishing and exchanging information about … Continue Reading

Mutual Recognition- It takes two…..

UK lawyers and restructuring professionals have been highlighting their concerns for British business and Financial Markets if the Government is unable to negotiate a bespoke treaty between the UK and the EU to preserve the mutual and reciprocal recognition provisions written into the Recast EU Insolvency Regulation (Recast EIR) and the Recast Brussels Regulation (the … Continue Reading

EU Insolvency Regulation is recast at last

Regulation (EU) 2015/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings comes into effect on 26 June 2017 for insolvency proceedings that are opened on or after that date. The Recast Regulation replaces the EC Regulation (1346/2000) on insolvency proceedings and has direct effect in the UK until … Continue Reading

Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006- UK recognition of Azerbaijan Restructuring Proceedings

 The English courts have recently wrestled with the Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006 (“CBIR”) in a case about the lifting of the automatic stay on proceedings against Korean company STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co Ltd In the present case (Re International Bank of Azerbaijan OJSC) the English High Court found itself dealing with the application … Continue Reading

Cross-Border Co-operation in Group Insolvency Proceedings- Myth or Reality?

As 26 June 2017 approaches – the date of entry into effect of the Recast EU Insolvency Regulation (2015/8484/EU) – we  look in detail at the new provisions for co-ordinating the insolvency proceedings of members of a pan-European group of companies and consider whether the new proposals for co-operation will be compulsory, the practicalities of who will … Continue Reading

EACTP debates draft Business Insolvency Directive in Brussels

The European Association of Certified Turnaround Professionals (EACTP) organized an evening of debate about the proposed new European Directive on business insolvency held in Brussels on May 2nd at the offices of Squire Patton Boggs. Salla Saastamoinen, the European Commission Director of the Civil and Commercial Justice Unit, attended the event called A New European … Continue Reading

Spanish Court declares unlimited liability mortgage clause void

Spain’s Civil Code provides that when the sale proceeds of a mortgaged property do not cover all the debt contracted with the bank, the debt continues to subsist and the bank may go against any other asset belonging to the customer, with the exception of properties that are untouchable, for the shortfall. However, a Court in Barcelona has … Continue Reading

Taxation of restructuring profits – a new and unexpected obstacle for restructurings in Germany

The question whether restructuring profits are taxable or not has been answered differently in Germany in the past. However, on 7 February 2017, a decision of the Grand Senate of the Federal Fiscal Court (the “FFC Decision”) was published, in which the highest German tax court declared the Restructuring Decree as unlawful. The FFC found that … Continue Reading

Stormy Waters for Hanjin Shipping re-examined

Laura Crawford and Jon Chesman wrote an article in November 2016 commenting on Hanjin Shipping Co’s filing for bankruptcy protection in the Seoul Central District Court and applications for temporary protection in the US. See Stormy Waters for the Shipping Industry Jon Chesman has been quoted in a further article about Hanjin Shipping Co written by Tom … Continue Reading

Early Restructuring and a Second Chance for Entrepreneurs – EU Commission proposes new Restructuring Directive

According to the European Commission, every year in the EU, 200,000 firms go bankrupt, resulting in over 1.7 million people losing their jobs. Currently, too many viable companies in financial difficulties are steered towards liquidation rather than early restructuring. Also, too few entrepreneurs get a second chance. In order to improve this situation, yesterday  the … Continue Reading

Stormy Waters for the Shipping Industry?

The shipping industry was recently in the headlines when on 31 August 2016 Hanjin Shipping Co filed for bankruptcy protection in the Seoul Central District Court. Hanjin was South Korea’s biggest container carrier and the seventh largest in the world. Upon obtaining bankruptcy protection, 66 of its ships containing an estimated $14.5bn of cargo were left … Continue Reading

Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006- Lifting the automatic stay on proceedings in the English courts

The English Court has agreed to lift the automatic stay on proceedings under the Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006 (“CBIR”) against STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co Ltd (“STX”) which had entered into rehabilitation proceedings in Korea. Facts STX had guaranteed to Ronelp Marine Limited and others (“Claimants”) the performance of a subsidiary (Dallan) in relation to … Continue Reading

OKD a.s Insolvency Proceedings: New World Resources’ International Investors appeal to Czech Court

On September 9, 2016, Citibank’s London Branch filed a claim as collateral agent for the bondholders of New World Resources (NWR) with the High Court in Ostrava in the insolvency proceedings of OKD. OKD owns seven coal mines in the Czech Republic, employing over 13000 people. The low cost of coal and the refusal of … Continue Reading

Gibraltar Court Recognises Chapter 11 Bankruptcy as a Foreign Main Proceeding

Peabody Energy Corporation is one of the biggest energy companies in the world. Its main business is coal mining and it conducts extensive operations in the United States and in Australia. Peabody had been hit by declining coal prices both for thermal coal and also for metallurgical coal used for steel making, especially due to the declining demand from … Continue Reading

Snooze and you lose in Slovakia

A recent decision of the Slovak Courts suggest that if main proceedings have been opened in one member state and the debtor has assets in Slovakia, the insolvency practitioner in the main proceedings must act quickly and sell those assets before secondary proceedings are opened in Slovakia, otherwise he runs the risk of losing the … Continue Reading

Is it possible to Restructure in Russia?

Theoretically, a Russian debtor is able to reorganize. In practice, the law currently does not encourage voluntary restructuring of debt in a way designed to preserve the continued operation of business and jobs.  The interests of debtors and creditors are not appropriately balanced at present to achieve the best results.  Creditors currently have a strong … Continue Reading