Archives: Cross Border

Subscribe to Cross Border RSS Feed

Is the UK insolvency regime equipped for the current political and economic climate?

An effective and well-equipped insolvency and restructuring regime gives confidence to investors and financiers, enabling credit to flow through to businesses and boost economic activity, growth and innovation. In 1999, following the Asian financial crisis, the World Bank carried out a review of the international regimes to establish a set of key principles for effective … Continue Reading

German Court rejects the “bow wave theory” (“Bugwellentheorie”) in test for company illiquidity

Under German law, there are strict legal obligations for the managing directors of an insolvent company to file for insolvency. Failure to comply exposes a managing director to civil and criminal liability. It is therefore important for managing directors to know how to test whether their company is insolvent. One of the legal reasons for insolvency … Continue Reading

Parent guarantees in the insolvency of a German subsidiary – claw back risks

A recent ruling of the German Federal Civil Court (Bundesgerichtshof (“BGH”)) is a reminder of the risks which shareholders of a German company can face in an insolvency of their German subsidiary. Under the German Insolvency Code (“InsO”), claims for repayment of a loan granted by a shareholder who holds more than 10% of the … Continue Reading

Stricter and personal liability for executives under Slovak insolvency law

As of 1 January 2018, those who are obliged to file a petition for declaration of bankruptcy of a company will face stricter liability in Slovakia. This could result in them being required to pay a fine/damages and can even result in their disqualification from sitting on boards of Slovak companies. In addition to an obligation to pay a … Continue Reading

EU Proposals for Harmonisation of Insolvency Practitioners and Judges

Much has already been written about the proposal for the “Second Chance” directive (“Proposal“) published in November 2016 which is still being debated by the EU bodies – and rightly so. Harmonisation of insolvency law across the EU is needed as one in four insolvency proceedings is a cross-border insolvency and creditors need to know what to … Continue Reading

English Scheme of Arrangement approved for Luxembourg-registered company

The English High Court has sanctioned a scheme of arrangement for Algeco Scotsman PIK SA, a Luxembourg-incorporated company, after the creditors consented to the New York governing law and jurisdiction clause being altered in favour of the jurisdiction of the English courts. The issues discussed were: the fair representation of a class of creditors; cross-jurisdictional schemes; and early tender fees offered … Continue Reading

Bankruptcy Proceedings in Russia: An Analysis of Insolvency Statistics

Sergey Treschev and Elena Malevich of Squire Patton Boggs’ Moscow office have joined with legal journalists Alina Mikhailova and Maria Fomicheva of Pravo.ru to write an article recently published in Insolvency and Restructuring International. They analyze Russian insolvency statistics from 2014 to 2017, drawing out some interesting trends. The process of publishing and exchanging information about … Continue Reading

Australian investors gain significant win against Standard & Poor’s

Investors in Australia, represented by Squire Patton Boggs in Sydney, have made history again with another big win over Standard & Poor’s (S&P). They were granted leave to pursue a “tort of deceit” claim, alleging that S&P intentionally altered its ratings methodology to achieve higher ratings in order to serve its business objectives. This is the … Continue Reading

Hope for easier restructuring of SMEs: German Institute of Public Auditors propose new standard Restructuring Opinions

German insolvency laws are very strict. The management of an insolvent company is under strict obligations to file for insolvency, and failure to comply with such obligation may result in civil and criminal liability. Other stakeholders, like financing banks or suppliers, who are dealing with a distressed company, require documentation that their contract partner can … Continue Reading

Validity of bridge loans in pre-insolvency scenarios in Germany

In the context of German restructuring, bridge loans (Überbrückungskredite) are loans that are granted to financially distressed companies until a restructuring plan is formulated in order to avoid the company’s insolvency. In most cases, such loans are granted for a limited timeframe. After the restructuring plan has been finalized, renegotiations are usually required, in particular between the … Continue Reading

The Dominican Republic reforms restructuring and insolvency law

For decades, restructuring and insolvency matters in the Dominican Republic involving merchants and companies in non-regulated industries have been carried out on a “de facto” basis, due to the obsolescence of the existing legal framework and institutions. Fortunately, that is not the case anymore. As a member of the World Trade Organization, the Dominican Republic … Continue Reading

Fight or Flight – Insolvency in the aviation industry

Air Berlin, one of Europe’s largest airlines, filed for insolvency on 15 August 2017. The airline, which is Germany’s second-largest carrier after Lufthansa, filed following the decision by Etihad Airways to pull financial support. Etihad owns 29% of Air Berlin and had been pumping money into the struggling airline for the past 6 years. The … Continue Reading

German Supreme Court: Loan Administration and Management Fees are invalid

The German Federal Supreme Court for Civil Matters (Bundesgerichtshof – BGH) held in two cases on 4 July 2017 that provisions contained in the standard contracts of banks providing for the payment of management or loan administration fees (Bearbeitungsentgelt) by the borrower is invalid under German law, irrespective of whether the borrower is a consumer … Continue Reading

Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006: Consideration of the public policy exemption and security for costs against Russian official receiver

In the recent case of Cherkasov & others v Olegovich [2017] EWHC 756 (Ch) the English courts considered the public policy exception set out in Article 6 Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006 (CBIR) and whether security for costs could be ordered against the official receiver of a Russian company (who had obtained recognition in England … Continue Reading

Russia cracks down on shareholders and management who cause company insolvency

The insolvency of companies in Russia is often caused by the negligent or illegal actions of their shareholders and/or management. The Russian Federal Law on Insolvency has been amended to introduce stricter rules on “controlling persons,” which increases their liability for the damage caused to creditors by their actions.… Continue Reading

Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006- UK recognition of Azerbaijan Restructuring Proceedings

 The English courts have recently wrestled with the Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006 (“CBIR”) in a case about the lifting of the automatic stay on proceedings against Korean company STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co Ltd In the present case (Re International Bank of Azerbaijan OJSC) the English High Court found itself dealing with the application … Continue Reading

Insolvencies in Germany – New Avoidance Law in Force

On 5 April 2017, an amendment to the German Insolvency Code (Insolvenzordnung – “InsO”) has come into force which provides for various changes to the avoidance rules and clawback laws in German insolvency proceedings. The major change affects the right of an insolvency administrator to challenge transactions for willful disadvantage (§ 133 InsO).… Continue Reading

Spanish Court declares unlimited liability mortgage clause void

Spain’s Civil Code provides that when the sale proceeds of a mortgaged property do not cover all the debt contracted with the bank, the debt continues to subsist and the bank may go against any other asset belonging to the customer, with the exception of properties that are untouchable, for the shortfall. However, a Court in Barcelona has … Continue Reading

Taxation of restructuring profits – a new and unexpected obstacle for restructurings in Germany

The question whether restructuring profits are taxable or not has been answered differently in Germany in the past. However, on 7 February 2017, a decision of the Grand Senate of the Federal Fiscal Court (the “FFC Decision”) was published, in which the highest German tax court declared the Restructuring Decree as unlawful. The FFC found that … Continue Reading

Czech Republic – Insolvency Law Changes from 1 July 2017

A significant amendment to the Czech Insolvency Act will take effect on 1 July 2017. It has been stated that the main aim of the amendment is to introduce measures against so called “insolvency mafia” and regulate consultancy services providers in connection with solving personal debts. The amendment brings changes to rules for personal bankruptcies, which are … Continue Reading

Stormy Waters for Hanjin Shipping re-examined

Laura Crawford and Jon Chesman wrote an article in November 2016 commenting on Hanjin Shipping Co’s filing for bankruptcy protection in the Seoul Central District Court and applications for temporary protection in the US. See Stormy Waters for the Shipping Industry Jon Chesman has been quoted in a further article about Hanjin Shipping Co written by Tom … Continue Reading
LexBlog