Tag Archives: contentious

Russia cracks down on shareholders and management who cause company insolvency

The insolvency of companies in Russia is often caused by the negligent or illegal actions of their shareholders and/or management. The Russian Federal Law on Insolvency has been amended to introduce stricter rules on “controlling persons,” which increases their liability for the damage caused to creditors by their actions.… Continue Reading

The enforcement of pre-existing security over assets that become subject to a freezing order

A recent decision in the High Court provided guidance with respect to the apparent conflict between freezing orders that have been granted over assets that are subject to an existing security. Generally speaking, a freezing order should only catch the unsecured elements of assets. The question facing the court in Taylor v Van Dutch Marine … Continue Reading

Does ATE insurance trump Security for Costs?

When reviewing a security for costs application under CPR 25.12, the courts are faced with the challenge of striking a balance between an impecunious claimant’s access to justice and the possibility of a successful defendant being unable to recover their costs. This is because the general rule in relation to costs under CPR 44.2 is … Continue Reading

The High Court in London goes digital

As of 25 April 2017, for courts within the Chancery division of the High Court in London, the filing of all applications, forms and documents must be performed electronically. This includes the Bankruptcy and Companies Courts within Greater London. It does not apply to the High Courts outside London. Where once a lawyer might expect … Continue Reading

Insolvencies in Germany – New Avoidance Law in Force

On 5 April 2017, an amendment to the German Insolvency Code (Insolvenzordnung – “InsO”) has come into force which provides for various changes to the avoidance rules and clawback laws in German insolvency proceedings. The major change affects the right of an insolvency administrator to challenge transactions for willful disadvantage (§ 133 InsO).… Continue Reading

Spanish Court declares unlimited liability mortgage clause void

Spain’s Civil Code provides that when the sale proceeds of a mortgaged property do not cover all the debt contracted with the bank, the debt continues to subsist and the bank may go against any other asset belonging to the customer, with the exception of properties that are untouchable, for the shortfall. However, a Court in Barcelona has … Continue Reading

Smelting the Assets (directors’ duties/transactions at undervalue and to defraud creditors)

Dickinson v NAL (Realisations) Staffordshire Ltd is a useful case on how directors’ duties are looked at following a formal insolvency and ways in which an office holder can challenge transactions if there is evidence of wrongdoing or a concerted strategy to frustrate creditors’ recourse to a Company’s asset base which would ordinarily be available … Continue Reading

Bradford Bulls arise from the ashes?

Following the liquidation of Bradford Bulls earlier this month, the Rugby Football League have agreed a deal for a new rugby league team based in Bradford to commence life in the Kingstone Press Championship for the start of the 2017 season on 5th February 2017. After a brief bidding process for the rights to incorporate … Continue Reading

Beware French Employees’ Remedy for Damage to their “Individual Interests”

It is not always easy to prioritize between the various goals pursued in every insolvency legislation, namely; the continuation of the company, preservation of the jobs, the general economic/public interest and the payment of dividends to creditors. There is no clear hierarchy in French law amongst these major targets and French case law appears fairly pragmatic. … Continue Reading

Prohibited names and partnerships under Section 216

The recent case of Re Newtons Coaches [2016] EWHC 3068 considered whether a partnership falls within the remit of s.216 Insolvency Act 1986 (“IA 86”). The case looked at what s.216 is designed to prevent and the nature of partnerships in the context of both the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994 (“IPO 94”) and the IA … Continue Reading

Wrongful Trading – The Importance of Quantifying Loss

The recent successful appeal in Brooks and another (Joint Liquidators of Robin Hood Centre plc in liquidation) v Armstrong and another [2016] EWHC 2893 (Ch), [2016] All ER (D) 117 (Nov) has clarified and highlighted the complexities of bringing a wrongful trading claim and the importance of correctly quantifying losses for which directors can be made … Continue Reading

Chancellor of English High Court looks to a post-Brexit future

In an address last week to the Insolvency Lawyers Association, Sir Geoffrey Vos, the new Chancellor of the High Court, looked at the future for Insolvency and Business Litigation in London, especially after Brexit. Whilst acknowledging that Brexit presents a challenge, he said it is one which should not defeat the English Courts. The main issue … Continue Reading

Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006- Lifting the automatic stay on proceedings in the English courts

The English Court has agreed to lift the automatic stay on proceedings under the Cross Border Insolvency Regulations 2006 (“CBIR”) against STX Offshore & Shipbuilding Co Ltd (“STX”) which had entered into rehabilitation proceedings in Korea. Facts STX had guaranteed to Ronelp Marine Limited and others (“Claimants”) the performance of a subsidiary (Dallan) in relation to … Continue Reading

The return of Turpin! – Validity of Administration Appointments by Directors and the Duomatic Principle

In the case of Re BW Estates Ltd the High Court considered the validity of a directors’ out of court appointment in circumstances where there was technically an inquorate directors’ board meeting. It was held that the appointment was not invalid despite only one director being present at the meeting convened to put the company into administration in … Continue Reading

OKD a.s Insolvency Proceedings: New World Resources’ International Investors appeal to Czech Court

On September 9, 2016, Citibank’s London Branch filed a claim as collateral agent for the bondholders of New World Resources (NWR) with the High Court in Ostrava in the insolvency proceedings of OKD. OKD owns seven coal mines in the Czech Republic, employing over 13000 people. The low cost of coal and the refusal of … Continue Reading

Creditors v Private Pension Holders – has UK bankruptcy law gone too soft?

The recent Court of Appeal decision in Horton v Henry has highlighted the protection afforded to a bankrupt holding a private pension to the detriment of his bankruptcy creditors. Facts The bankrupt, Mr Henry, was the holder of  a number of pension policies all of which contained provisions entitling him to make elections which would trigger rights to … Continue Reading

Reviewing the Ratings

Multiple class actions have been commenced in the Australian Federal Court  in relation to losses suffered by investors in synthetic collateralised debt obligations and other financial products, some of which were distributed or sold by Lehman Brothers Australia Ltd (in liquidation) and by certain major Australian banks, and were assigned credit ratings by Standard and Poor’s. … Continue Reading

Why financiers should consider taking security over short leases

When we review security for financiers, we always consider what enhancements they might implement to strengthen their security net. As part of this approach, we obtain a proprietor search from the Land Registry to see if there is any uncharged property in the name of the borrower. Often, any property identified is a short to … Continue Reading

Is it possible to Restructure in Russia?

Theoretically, a Russian debtor is able to reorganize. In practice, the law currently does not encourage voluntary restructuring of debt in a way designed to preserve the continued operation of business and jobs.  The interests of debtors and creditors are not appropriately balanced at present to achieve the best results.  Creditors currently have a strong … Continue Reading

US and English Courts welcome most- but not all- foreign debtors

TMA’s Journal for Corporate Renewal July/August 2016 published an article written by Nava Hazan, Mark Salzberg and Susan Kelly, which discusses how the US Bankruptcy Courts have been open to foreign debtors, as well as the limits to such availability, which was the subject of the recent Baha Mar decision in Delaware. The article further … Continue Reading

When an Asset is not an Asset

The Court of Appeal has recently considered the status of contingent assets within the balance sheet test for insolvency in the context of a company’s inability to pay its debts. Under Section 123 Insolvency Act 1986, a company is deemed unable to pay its debts if its assets are less than its liabilities including contingent … Continue Reading
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