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Jevic Holding: The Supreme Court Puts an End to Non-Consensual Structured Dismissals That Violate Bankruptcy Code Priority Scheme

Yesterday, the Supreme Court issued is highly awaited ruling in Czyzewski et al. v. Jevic Holding Corp. et al.  The Jevic case presented the question whether bankruptcy courts may approve non-consensual structured dismissals that vary the distribution scheme established by the Bankruptcy Code.  With Justice Breyer writing for the majority, the Court held that bankruptcy … Continue Reading

Protecting Committee Members – Ninth Circuit Expands Protections Afforded to Individual Committee Members

In a recent opinion, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit expanded the protections afforded to individual members of an official creditors’ committee against certain lawsuits.  Specifically, in In re Yellowstone Mountain Club, LLC, 841 F.3d 1090 (9th Cir. 2016), the Court unanimously held that the Barton doctrine (also known as the … Continue Reading

But I Didn’t DO Anything! — Can Non-action Violate the Automatic Stay?

It is commonly understood that, upon commencement of a bankruptcy case, section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code operates as an automatic statutory injunction against a wide variety of creditor actions and activities. The automatic stay enjoins (1) “commencement or continuation” of certain proceedings, (2) “enforcement” of a judgment, (3) “any act” to obtain possession of or exercise control … Continue Reading

A Long Road Trip: The GM Bankruptcy Saga Continues

In a prior blog post, we discussed the Second Circuit Court of Appeals’ reversal of the bankruptcy court in In re General Motors.  In its opinion, the Second Circuit held that a sale of assets without proper notice to potential plaintiffs with defect claims violated the plaintiffs’ due process rights and resulted in a sale … Continue Reading

Stormy Waters for Hanjin Shipping re-examined

Laura Crawford and Jon Chesman wrote an article in November 2016 commenting on Hanjin Shipping Co’s filing for bankruptcy protection in the Seoul Central District Court and applications for temporary protection in the US. See Stormy Waters for the Shipping Industry Jon Chesman has been quoted in a further article about Hanjin Shipping Co written by Tom … Continue Reading

Sixth Circuit Weighs in on the Phrase “Applicable Nonbankruptcy Law” Under the Bankruptcy Code

In Metropolitan Government of Nashville & Davidson County v. Hildebrand, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals explains how to read the phrase “applicable nonbankruptcy law” as it is used in the United States Bankruptcy Code.  The case – a chapter 13 individual bankruptcy case – discussed the phrase in the context of section 511(a) of … Continue Reading

What You Do Won’t Help (But What You Can’t Do Might): The Sixth Circuit Clarifies Defenses to Fraudulent Transfers

In Meoli v. The Huntington National Bank (In re Teleservices Group, Inc.), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit examined the elements of “good faith” and “knowledge of the voidability of the transfer avoided” that initial and subsequent transferees must establish when defending against fraudulent transfer claims brought under sections 548 and 550 … Continue Reading

Is It Really Over? Appellate Court Finds Lack of Jurisdiction to Hear Bankruptcy Appeal

In a recent ruling, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit examined whether circuit courts have jurisdiction to hear direct appeals of unauthorized bankruptcy court orders that have not been reviewed by a district court. This was an issue of first impression in the Eleventh Circuit.  The appellate court held that a bankruptcy … Continue Reading

Marblegate’s Lost Marbles and Why Bondholders and Indenture Trustees Should Care

This week the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued its highly-anticipated ruling in Marblegate Asset Management, LLC v. Education Management Corp. (“Marblegate”).  At issue in Marblegate was whether Education Management Corp. (“EDMC”) violated the Trust Indenture Act when it implemented a restructuring that impaired the rights of Marblegate Asset Management, LLC (“MAM”).  … Continue Reading

Are Structured Dismissals on Hold Pending the Supreme Court’s Decision in Jevic?

American Apparel, the struggling clothing manufacturer and retailer, found itself in chapter 11 this past November after failing to implement its turnaround plan amid a challenging retail environment.  Last week, Judge Shannon in the District of Delaware approved a largely consensual sale of American Apparel’s assets to Gildan Activewear.  While the hearing transcript is not … Continue Reading

The Road Ahead for 2017 – Restructuring & Insolvency in US

Slide Rules and Hula Hoops – Business Obsolescence and Bankruptcy One of the functions that bankruptcy proceedings can serve is to encourage entrepreneurship by allowing people to pursue bold innovations while still allowing them to recover if their new ideas don’t prove successful. Another equally important function is to provide a structure for restructuring or liquidation … Continue Reading

Serial Filers: Lenders And Lessors Given A New Remedy

What can a lender do about successive bankruptcy filings by a borrower? What can lessors do when their tenants file successive bankruptcy petitions?  A recent decision by a bankruptcy court in the Eastern District of New York gives guidance on these questions. Readers of this blog know that immediately upon the filing of a bankruptcy … Continue Reading

Quantum Foods – – Administrative Expense Claims as an Avoidance Offset.

Judge Carey in the District of Delaware recently ruled on an intriguing question—can a defendant in a preference action reduce the amount of a recoverable preference by setting off the value of an allowed administrative expense claim? Though not late-breaking news, this case provides a thorough examination of the essential character of administrative expense claims.… Continue Reading

Jevic Holding Corp.: Is The Supreme Court Now Ready To Strike Down Structured Dismissals?

In a prior post, we discussed the Third Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision in Jevic Holding Corp., where the court upheld the use of so-called “structured dismissals” in bankruptcy cases, and the Supreme Court’s grant of certiorari.  Yesterday, the Supreme Court heard oral argument in Jevic.  The Court’s ultimate ruling will likely have a significant … Continue Reading

Equitable Mootness – – Are Bankruptcy Courts Still to be “Courts of Equity?”

The concept of “equitable mootness” is a doctrine of relatively long-standing in bankruptcy jurisprudence. It has been used by courts to avoid determination of issues raised on appeal that would require the unscrambling of a plan previously confirmed and implemented. However, that doctrine has recently been questioned in a variety of decisions. It appears that … Continue Reading

Stormy Seas for Indenture Trustees and Bondholders Settling Claims in Bankruptcy

Recently, in Caesars Entertainment Operating Co. (“Caesars”), U.S. Bankruptcy Judge A. Benjamin Goldgar denied payment of indenture trustee Wilmington Trust’s attorneys’ fees and costs in connection with the Debtors’ motion to approve a settlement.  The U.S. Trustee objected to payment arguing that the Debtor could not rely on 11 U.S.C. § 363 (seeking settlement approval) … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Makes Plan Confirmation More Expensive And Doubtful

What does it mean to “cure” a default in the context of a plan of reorganization? This question arises by virtue of section 1123(a)(5)(G) of the Bankruptcy Code, which requires that a plan provide adequate means for the plan’s implementation, including the “curing or waiving of any default.”  On November 4, 2016, the Ninth Circuit … Continue Reading

Sixth Circuit: Standard For Sealing Judicial Records “Vastly More Demanding” Than For Rule 26 Protective Order

In Shane Group, Inc. v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Mich., a unanimous panel of the Sixth Circuit vacated the district court’s orders sealing “most of the parties’ substantive filings” and approving a class action settlement in a price-fixing action against an insurer. In vacating the orders placing documents under seal and the settlement approval, … Continue Reading

Excuse me, but I believe I was first in line! Severance Claims as a Matter of Priority.

Among other strategic considerations a financially troubled company must grapple with as it prepares for a potential bankruptcy filing is how best to effectively implement necessary workforce reductions as part of its overall reorganization efforts. A workforce reduction could potentially give rise to severance and other employee obligations, and, under certain circumstances, could also give … Continue Reading

An Original Signature Means an Original Signature – Attorney Sanctioned Over the Use of DocuSign Signatures

In a recent memorandum decision, Judge Robert S. Bardwil of the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of California sanctioned a Sacramento attorney and ordered him to complete a local e-filing course because he did not maintain copies of filed documents that included the original “wet” signature. Instead, the attorney relied solely upon … Continue Reading

Does a Super-Priority Claim Remain Superior Through a Conversion to Chapter 7? One Bankruptcy Court Says Yes.

In a recent decision in In re Packaging Systems, LLC, the Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey ruled that a lender that held a “super-priority” administrative expense claim under section 364(c)(1) of the Bankruptcy Code was still entitled to its super-priority status even after the debtor’s case converted to chapter 7.  The decision may … Continue Reading

Puerto Rico Continues the Struggle to Restructure its Debts

When we last discussed the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico’s efforts to restructure some $72 billion in municipal debt, a Federal District Court Judge had found the Commonwealth’s 2014 municipal debt-restructuring law, the “Recovery Act,” to be pre-empted by the federal Bankruptcy Code, unconstitutional and therefore void. The ruling hinged on the definition of “State” under Section … Continue Reading
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